Corsi di Laurea Corsi di Laurea Magistrale Corsi di Laurea Magistrale
a Ciclo Unico
Scuola di Economia e Scienze politiche
EUROPEAN AND GLOBAL STUDIES
Insegnamento
INTERNATIONAL HISTORY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
EPP8084327, A.A. 2019/20

Informazioni valide per gli studenti immatricolati nell'A.A. 2018/19

Principali informazioni sull'insegnamento
Corso di studio Corso di laurea magistrale in
EUROPEAN AND GLOBAL STUDIES
EP2444, ordinamento 2018/19, A.A. 2019/20
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Curriculum GLOBAL COMMUNICATION POLICIES [001PD]
Crediti formativi 6.0
Tipo di valutazione Voto
Denominazione inglese INTERNATIONAL HISTORY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
Dipartimento di riferimento Dipartimento di Scienze Politiche, Giuridiche e Studi Internazionali
Obbligo di frequenza No
Lingua di erogazione INGLESE
Sede PADOVA
Corso singolo È possibile iscriversi all'insegnamento come corso singolo
Corso a libera scelta È possibile utilizzare l'insegnamento come corso a libera scelta

Docenti
Responsabile DAVID BURIGANA SPS/06

Dettaglio crediti formativi
Tipologia Ambito Disciplinare Settore Scientifico-Disciplinare Crediti
CARATTERIZZANTE storico SPS/06 6.0

Organizzazione dell'insegnamento
Periodo di erogazione Secondo semestre
Anno di corso II Anno
Modalità di erogazione frontale

Tipo ore Crediti Ore di
didattica
assistita
Ore Studio
Individuale
LEZIONE 6.0 45 105.0

Calendario
Inizio attività didattiche 02/03/2020
Fine attività didattiche 12/06/2020
Visualizza il calendario delle lezioni Lezioni 2019/20 Ord.2018

Syllabus
Prerequisiti: A general knowledge of international and contemporary history; an open mind for science and technology but not a extensive knowledge
Conoscenze e abilita' da acquisire: Capacity to use science and technology as tools for analyzing national foreign policy, European Union policies, and global challenges in a large field of techno-sciences, and with regard to the interplay between experts/advisers and politicians as stakeholders in the decision making process al national and international level; to analyze technoscientific communication in medias, and as products by national and international institutions acting in “transnational arenas” but with a special attention to the different typologies of public opinion
Modalita' di esame: The final examination will be divided in an oral examination (70%) based on all material presented during the course (PowerPoint slides and the suggested texts for each lesson included the material proposed by invited experts), and on a test case (30%) selected by choosing one book from the recommended ones, and to be presented by the student in a special session during the course by interacting with her/his colleagues. All test cases have to consider particularly the interdisciplinary approach to International history as well as the role of media, institutional communication and “propaganda” in science and technology policies
Criteri di valutazione: Active participation during the course, and in the conferences by invited experts, and with regard to the volume to be chosen amogst the recommended books:
- K. Coleman, A History of Chemical Warfare, London, Palgrave, 2010
- James W. Cortada, IBM. The Rise and Fall and Reinvention of a Global Icon. A history of one of the most influential American companies of the last century, Cambridge Mass., MIT Press, 2001
- M. P. Diogo, D. van Laak, Europeans Globalizing, London, Palgrave, 2016
- Mauro Elli, Détente and Beyond. Anglo-Romanian Relations in Aviation Industry (1966-1993), Brussels, PIE-Peter Lang, 2018
- A. Fickers, P. Griset, Communicating Europe. Technologies, Information, Events, London, Palgrave, 2019
- P. Hammond, Grandon Carter, From Biological Warfare to Healthcare. Porton Down, 1940-2000, London, Palgrave, 2005
- P. Högselius, A. Kaijser, E. van der Vleuten, Europe’s Infrastructure Transition, London, Palgrave 2015
- M. Kohlrausch, H. Trischler, Building Europe on Expertise, London, Palgrave, 2014
- John Krige, Sharing Knowledge, Shaping Europe. US Technological Collaboration and Nonproliferation, Cambridge (Mass.), The MIT Press, 2016
- R. Oldenziel, M. Hård, Consumers, Tinkerers, Rebels, London, Palgrave, 2013
- Stuart W. Leslie, The Cold War and American Science: The Military-Industrial-Academic Complex at MIT and Stanford, Columbia University Press, 1993
- J. Logsdon, John F. Kennedy and the Race to the Moon, London, Palgrave, 2010
- Simone Turchetti, Greening the Alliance. The Diplomacy of NATO’s Science and Environmental Initiatives, Chicago, The University of Chicago Press, 2019
Contenuti: We aim to analyse science and technology as a tool of foreign policy since the Second World War, and in multilateral negotiations for cooperation as a goal for keeping leadership, for developing national industries, or just in order to survival. We propose an historical methodology, and particularly we are inspired to the history of international relations, not a restricted diplomatic history but in a larger sense as history of the multiple levels of the international dimension of national and transnational policies. Our approach has to be interdisciplinary inevitably thanks to the interconnection between foreign policy and science and technology as international key factor for leadership, survival and development, but also as an opportunity to reinforce transnational networks up to intergovernmental or supranational organisations, like the European Space Agency or the integration of Europe by infrastructures. Without sliding into political science or economics, History of International relations is obliged to consider recent developments to suggest some trajectoires (trends) up nowadays policies. For this reason, we will refer to present developments of our historic phenomena. Decision making process is strategic. We underline the interplay between experts/advisers and politicians as stakeholders and representatives. After defining Science Diplomacy, Technological Cooperation/Competition, actors and practices, we will concentrate as case study on Space Exploration involving a large typology of sciences and technologies as well as having more and more implications for global policies outside of “simple” national dynamics of hard power or scientific developments. Therefore, the real impact of communicating to public opinion the reasons for investments in Earth observation, Space Human Flights and Outer Space Exploration has become a strategic goal. All three invited speakers will deal with science and technology communication and media. Space is a significant example, but only an example. Students will be invited to enlarge our considerations from Space to other fields of science and technology by choosing a recommended book.
List of each 3 hours lesson:
1) Science Diplomacy: a definition from nowadays up to 1917
2) Technological cooperation/competition vs diplomacy?
3) Historical methodology and an interdisciplinary approach: The Art Network Theory as a conceptual tool for international relations and the ESA History Project
4) Actors and practices: the interplay between experts and political decision makers
5) Cooperation/Competition John
6) European Union and science policies
7) The “independent” Science in Europe
8) An original way for European Scientific cooperation?
6) Outer Space: a European specific “space”?
9) The French leadership in Europe
11) Science for Space and Space for Science
12) “Propaganda” vs media?
13) Science and Technology in Arctic Diplomacy. Conference by Prof. Rasmus Gjedssø Bertelsen (University of Tromsø, Norway) and H2020 InsSciDE (Inventing and Sharing a Science Diplomacy for Europe) project
14) Science for Diplomacy, or Diplomacy for Science? the European Space Agency mission “for all mankind”: Earth Observation as a tool for Living Planet. Conference by a ESA Strategy Officer
15) An inevitable interdisciplinary approach to Diplomacy for Science and Technology? The future of Space Exploration: probes, the Moon and ExoMars. A conversation with Prof. Stefano Debei, Director of CISAS Center for Aerospace Researches and Studies “Giuseppe Colombo” (University of Padua) and of Unipd Mars Team
Attivita' di apprendimento previste e metodologie di insegnamento: At the end of the course, we propose a special visit at Museo Nazionale della Scienza e della Tecnologia via San Vittore 21 - 20123 Milano http://www.museoscienza.org/english/ by Laura Rozon, Head of Collections and Curators, and Luca Reduzzi Curator of the permanent exhibition on Space exploration and Italy; this is an opportunity to illustrate communication techniques and policies for science and technology in one of the most important museum dedicated to; at the same time, in connection with the ESA Strategy Officer conference in the course, the we will visit “Fragility and Beauty” - Taking the pulse of our planet from space”, an exhibition promoted by ESA https://www.museoscienza.org/english/.../fragility-and-beauty/

Each lesson foresees a text available in Padua Libraries Catalog which students are invited to read before, and which is material for the final examination. The general structure of the course will be given by PowerPoint slides charged on the moodle e-learning page of the course after each lesson. Like the texts mentioned during the course, the slides are material for the final examination too. It’s possible to contact in any moment by email Prof. Burigana for any explanation about program and text to be received since the first semester. For contact hours see Professor webpage for adjournments, and contact him by email for other possible hours.
Each conference will be introduced by Prof. D. Burigana who mentioned during the classroom the points to be underlined by invited experts in their interventions. Before these conferences, students will be invited to prepare in a special session out of classroom some questions inspired to the program.
The material for the examination is all texts suggested for each lesson, PowerPoint slides and a volume to be chosen amongst these recommended books
Eventuali indicazioni sui materiali di studio: The texts for each 3 hours lesson:

1) Bruno Ruffini, Science and Diplomacy: A New Dimension of International Relations, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, 2017: ʺWhat Is Science Diplomacy?ʺ pp. 11-26 (15); ʺScience Diplomacy as a National Issueʺ, pp. 27-45 (18); ʺScience in Diplomatic Apparatus: The Diversity of National Approachesʺ, pp. 47-83 (36); ʺScience in the Vanguard of Diplomacy, pp. 85-104; Multilateral Science Diplomacyʺ, pp. 105-128 (23);
2) Maximilian Mayer, Mariana Carpes, Ruth Knoblich (eds.), The Global Politics of Science and Technology - Vol. 2 Perspectives, Cases and Methods, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, 2014: Maximilian Mayer (et al.), ʺA Toolbox for Studying the Global Politics of Science and Technologyʺ, pp. 1-17 (17); Olof Hallonsten, ʺThe Politics of European Collaboration in Big Scienceʺ, pp. 31-46 (15); John Krige, ʺDiplomacy (post 1945), Science and Technologyʺ, in Hugh R. Slotten (ed.), Oxford Encyclopedia fot he History of American Science, Medicine and Technology, Vol. I, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2014, pp. 138-148 (20)
3) The ESA History Project, Paris, ESA Communication, 2011
4) David Burigana, ʺExperts, Expertise, and Politicians in Science and Technology in Italy. The Case of Euro-Atlantic Cooperation in Air and Space (1960s-1980s)ʺ, in David Burigana, Christine Bouneau (eds), Experts and Expertise in Science and Technology in Europe since the 1960s. Organized Civil Scoiety, Democracy and Political Decision-making, Brussels, PIE-Peter Lang, 2018, pp. 239-260 (21)
5) John Krige, American Hegemony and Postwar Reconstruction of Science in Europe, Cambridge Mass., The MIT Press, 2006, Chapter 1 ʺBasic Science and the Coproduction of American Hegemonyʺ, pp. 1-14 (14); Chapter 9 ʺConcluding Reflections: Hegemony and ʻAmericanizationʼʺ, pp. 253- 270 (17); - David Burigana, ʺThe European Search for Aeronautical Technologies, and Technological Survival by Co-operation in the 1960s-1970s… with or without the American? Steps, ways, and hypothesis in International Historyʺ, in HumanaMente, special issue Matteo Gerlini (ed), History, Science and Technology, n. 16, April 2011, pp. 69-103 (34) online
6) John Krige, Luca Guzzetti (eds), History of European Scientific and Technological Cooperation, EU Publishing, Luxembourg, 1997: Luca Guzzettui, Chapter 13 ʺEuropean Union. The Development of the Bases for a Community Science and Technology Policy in the Early Seventiesʺ, pp. 409-434 (25)
7) John Krige, Luca Guzzetti (eds), History of European Scientific and Technological Cooperation, EU Publishing, Luxembourg, 1997: Dominique Pestre, John Krige, Chapter 1 “Some Thoughts on the Early History of European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)”, pp. 35-73 (48);
8) John Krige, Luca Guzzetti (eds), History of European Scientific and Technological Cooperation, EU Publishing, Luxembourg, 1997: John Peterson, Chapter 10 ʺEUREKA. A Historical Perspectiveʺ, pp. 321-250 (29);
6) John Krige, Luca Guzzetti (eds), History of European Scientific and Technological Cooperation, EU Publishing, Luxembourg, 1997: John Krige, Arturo Russo, Lorenza Sebesta, Chapter 6 ʺEuropean Space Agency (ESA). A Brief History of ESAʺ, pp. 193-237 (44);
9) John Krige, Luca Guzzetti (eds), History of European Scientific and Technological Cooperation, EU Publishing, Luxembourg, 1997: Emmanuel Chadeau, Chapter 8 ʺArianespace. Why Was Arianespace Established (1979)?ʺ, pp. 269-294 (25);
11) John Krige, Fifty Years of European Cooperation in Space. Building on its past, ESA shapes the future, Paris, Beauchesne, 2014, Chapter 18 ʺGetting Spacelab builtʺ, pp. 237-252 (15); Chapter 19 ʺUsing Spacelab for scienceʺ, pp. 253-264 (21); Chapter 24 ʺThe International Space Stationʺ,
Testi di riferimento:
  • Pierre-Bruno Ruffini, Science and Diplomacy: A New Dimension of International Relation. Berlin: Springer, 2017. Cerca nel catalogo
  • John Krige, Luca Guzzetti, History of European Scientific and Technological Cooperation. Luxembourg: EU publications, 1997. Chapters to be studied are listed in materials for the course Cerca nel catalogo
  • John Krige, Fifty Years of European Cooperation in Space. Building on its past, ESA shapes the future. Paris: Beauchesne, 2014. Chapters to be studied are listed in materials for the course
  • John Krige, American Hegemony and Postwar Reconstruction of Science in Europe. Cambridge Mass.: MIT, 2006. Chapters to be studied are listed in materials for the course Cerca nel catalogo
  • David Burigana, ʺThe European Search for Aeronautical Technologies, and Technological Survival by Co-operation in the 1960s-1970s… with or without the. --: --, 2011. in HumanaMente, special issue Matteo Gerlini (ed), History, Science and Technology, n. 16, April 2011, pp. 69-103 Cerca nel catalogo
  • Maximilian Mayer, Mariana Carpes, Ruth Knoblich (eds.), The Global Politics of Science and Technology - Vol. 2 Perspectives, Cases and Methods. Berlin: Springer, 2014. Chapters to be studied are listed in materials for the course
  • David Burigana, Christine Bouneau (eds), Experts and Expertise in Science and Technology in Europe since the 1960s. Organized Civil Scoiety, Democracy and Political Decision-ma. Brussels: PIE-Peter Lang, 2018. Chapters to be studied are listed in materials for the course Cerca nel catalogo

Didattica innovativa: Strategie di insegnamento e apprendimento previste
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  • Case study
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  • Story telling
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Didattica innovativa: Software o applicazioni utilizzati
  • Moodle (files, quiz, workshop, ...)
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